Ioannis Metaxas
Ioannis Metaxas
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28th October 1940
28th October 1940
From Ioannis Metaxas Personal Diary (not translated from Greek)

28 Οκτωβρίου, Δευτέρα
Νύκτα στις τρείς με ξυπνούν, ο Τραυλός. Έρχεται ο Grazzi. -Πόλεμος! -Ζητώ αμέσως Νικολούδη, Μαυρουδή. -Αναφέρω Bασιλέα. -Καλώ Πάλαιρετ και ζητώ βοήθειαν Αγγλίας. -Κατεβαίνω 5 Υπουργικόν Συμβούλιον. Όλοι πιστοί και Μαυρουδής. -Όλοι πλην Κύρου. -Βασιλεύς. Περιφορά μαζί του. Φανατισμός του λαού αφάνταστος. -Μάχαι εις σύνορα Ηπείρου. -Βομβαρδισμοί. Σειρήνες. - Αρχίζουμε να τακτοποιούμεθα.
Ο Θεός βοηθός!!

: Dimitrios Th. Travlos, is the chief and only guard outside the house of Metaxas.
(Γ.Α.Κ.- General Archives of the State, his account of events
Nikoloudis Theologos, Minister of Press and Tourism. Nikolaos Mavroudis, permanent Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs. Michael Palairet, Ambassador of Great Britain. Alexis Kyrou, Department Head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs).
Emanuele Grazzi book «Il principio della fine (l'impresa di Grecia»

The book «Il principio della fine (l'impresa di Grecia» of Emanuele Grazzi, Italian Ambassador to Athens from 1939 to 1940, tells us of the year in which the policy of the Italian fascist regime definitively lost all contact with reality in the vain attempt to try to respond in kind to the lightning and devastating Axis German advance in Europe, thus seeking, in the belief of certain victory, to be able to sit with dignity at the table of the victorious. The first step of this reckless journey was the Greek affair, which began with hopes of renewed friendship after the somewhat difficult precedents following the First World War and ended with the fateful ultimatum of 28 October 1940 that Grazzi, at 3am in the morning, delivered to Metaxas. (The book in Greek: «Η αρχή του τέλους η επιχείρηση κατά της Ελλάδος»

Kostas Kotzias,
Minister for the Capital District, recorded and published in his book "Greece's war and its glory" (in Greek) 1st edition New York January 1942, 2nd edition New York April 1944, 3rd edition Athens 1947, (p.24 ). This work also describes the historic Council of Ministers at 5.00 in the morning, in which the Ministers co-signed the Decrees for General Conscription etc.

Ambrosios Tzifos, Minister of Commercial Shipping, who attended the 5th morning Council of Ministers, left an unpublished text which is in the Γ.Α.Κ.(General State Archies) file I. Metaxas (K 065) and has been published together with the other documents in the "Diary" of Ioannis Metaxas, (4th volume Athens Ikaros, 1960. p. 746)

The Ultimatum, delivered by the Ambassador of Italy Em. Gratzzi to Ioannis Metaxas, Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, at 3 am of the morning of October 28, has been published together with all the documents concerning the diplomatic relations between Greece and Italy, published by the Royal Ministry of Foreign Affairs in December 1940, in four languages, Greek, French, English and German. The Greek title is: "Greek White Paper 1940 - The Italian Attack on Greece", and in Frence: «Livre Blanc Hellenique. Documents Diplomatiques. L’agression de l’Italie contre la Grece».
Greece in World War II, from 28th October 1940 until the German entry in Athens 27th April 1941
Greece in World War II, from 28th October 1940 until the German entry in Athens 27th April 1941
Greece in World War II, from 28th October 1940 until the German entry in Athens 27th April 1941
30th October 1940 - Announcement of Prime Minister, Ioannis Metaxas,to the owners and chief editors of the Athenian Press, at the General Headquarters
TIME - Articles on Greece
The War Illustrated - Articles on Greece
The New York Times - The Amazing Greeks
1940 Press - Italy Invades Greece
The 4th August Regime and Greek Jewry, 1936-1941
Greek Press, front pages, 1936 - 1941
Απριλιου 1941, ημερ. Γεώργιος Θεοτοκάς
28η Οκτωβρίου 1940, ημερ. Γ.Θεοτοκά